There’s a lot to do to manage diabetes. From daily tasks you can do yourself to lab tests and consultations with your health care team. Use this list to stay on schedule with self-checks, exams, and appointments throughout the year.
- Blood sugar checks. Check up to several times a day as directed by your doctor. Keep a record of your numbers and share them with your health care team during your next visit.
- Foot check. Use a mirror if you can’t see the bottom of your feet, or ask a family member for help. Let your doctor know immediately if you have any cuts, redness, swelling, sores, blisters, corns, calluses, or other changes to the skin or nails.
- Diabetes medicines. Take the amount prescribed by your doctor, even when you feel good.
Physical activity. Get at least 150 minutes a week of moderate exercise, such as brisk walking or riding a bike.
- Healthy eating. Eat healthy foods that give you the nutrition you need and help your blood sugar stay in your target range.
EVERY 3 MONTHS:
- A1C test. If your treatment has changed or if you’re having trouble meeting your blood sugar goals, have this test every 3 months.
- Doctor visit. If you’re having trouble meeting your treatment goals, visit your doctor every 3 months. Your blood pressure and weight will be checked, and your self-care plan and medicines will be reviewed. Ask your doctor to check your feet if you’ve ever had diabetes-related foot problems.
EVERY 6 MONTHS:
- Dental exam. Get your teeth and gums cleaned at least once a year (more often if your doctor recommends), and let your dentist know that you have diabetes.
- The A1C test. If you’re meeting your treatment and blood sugar goals, have this test every 6 months.
- Doctor visit. If you’re meeting your treatment goals, visit your doctor every 6 months. Your blood pressure and weight will be checked, and your self-care plan and medicines will be reviewed. Ask your doctor to check your feet if you’ve ever had diabetes-related foot problems.
- Flu shot
- Kidney tests
- Cholesterol test
- Dilated eye exam. You may need this exam more often if you have diabetes-related eye problems.
- Complete foot check. You may need this foot check more often if you have ever had diabetes-related foot problems.
New symptoms or health problems. If you notice new health problems or if existing issues are getting worse, call your doctor immediately so you can be evaluated.